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Correction/ article

Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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Correction/ article
Message de alienx posté le 07-01-2016 à 18:36:15 (S | E | F)
Bonjour à tous !
J'étudie actuellement en Allemagne et le problème c'est que je régresse en anglais... Je dois faire un résumé d'un article de journal en anglais, c'est pourquoi je sollicite votre aide pour le corriger, notamment sur l'emploi des temps et sur certaines traductions comme pétrole, fuel et essence (je trouve parfois les mêmes traductions).
En tout cas, je remercie d'avance ceux ou celles qui m'aideront (et prendront du temps pour tout lire)!


This article comes from the «Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung» N. 289, page 21. The author is Christian Siedenbiedel. This article is published on December 12, 2015. It deals with the drop in oil prices because of a production record and this drop impacts on the American companies in particular. The problem is : is the fracking-industry in danger ?
At the end of the year, the oil prices decreased to very low levels. According to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC), its oil production reached its highest level in more than three years : the production has increased by 31.7 million barrels per day. The oil price sinks below 40 dollars for the first time since 2009. For example, the oil price of the West Texas Intermediate has reached its lowest prices which are 38.3 dollars.
With the drop of oil prices, the fuel oil prices and the petrol prices have also decreased in Germany. The diesel oil is around one euro per litre and the national average prices are around 47.5 cents per litre of fuel. According to Tecson, prices could be expected to go down.
However the American companies withstand the drop of the oil prices. When the decrease of the oil prices has begun in July 2014, the companies have increased their extraction by 7%, a rise of 9 400 000 barrels. They survive the drop of the prices because they are more productive in a very short space of time such as Continental Resources which has increased its extraction by 25% in spite of a loss of turnover. Because of falling prices, American producers have closed around two third of investments in oil extraction and they look for new sources of oil thanks to new technologies. Moreover, smaller producers are indebted and 200 000 workers have lost their job in these oil companies.
At the same time, a new method is born in the oil industry. Nowadays, these «fracking» companies are more flexible because «fracking» is based on the exploitation of small oil fields in a short period, so they can start extracting oil if profit is positive or vice versa. At the moment, 6000 oilfields are drilled and they will be exploited if there is a demand from the market.
As oil is currently phenomenally inexpensive, German consumers are very pleased with this fall in prices. However, there are companies in Germany, which extract oil and now there are suffering from this drop in prices. The fact that people will use this resource in a carefree way is another consequence, but the question is how long that positive situation will last. At the moment, people spend less than 1500 euros to fill a 3000-Litre cistern. By contrast, it was between 2500 and 3000 euros during the previous winters. Economists speak about «Reversed oil shock» referring to the oil crisis in the 1970s.
Saudi Arabia is also playing a key role in this issue. Although the prices are dropping, the Saudis can't reduce their oil extraction. That's why Saudi Arabia has to accept temporary losses in expecting that other oil suppliers enter the market and that the prices increase.
The oil market is an oligopolistic market, that's why economists talk about the «Limit-Pricing» phenomenon. Three groups of concurrent are playing a key role in this market: the American «Fracking»-industry, Russia as well as Iraq and Iran. The situation of the American companies which are in need is profitable for Saudi Arabia. The Saudis estimate that the minimum price of an extraction which remains profitable is around 50 dollars, whereas the Americans are driving down this price. For this reason, the Saudis think that the Americans will have the market, but only in the medium term.
As already mentioned, American companies are more flexible thanks to the «fracturing» technology. That's why, this American flexibility complicates the strategies of Saudi Arabia because there are actively dumping the prices.
The Saudis strategy is the strategy of «drug dealers», that means, the oil-producing countries offer the western countries oil below the cost of production in order to make them dependent. This strategy demands a mutual agreement between the oil-producing countries. Geopolitical considerations come into come into play.
That's why, oil is expect expected to be affordable in Germany for some time as long as there are no military confrontations or a maritime blockade with one of these countries because some brokers have a pessimistic view of the geopolitical situation:this situation is recalling events of 1914 and they are afraid of new conflicts.

-------------------
Modifié par lucile83 le 07-01-2016 22:47


Réponse: Correction/ article de gerondif, postée le 07-01-2016 à 23:47:54 (S | E)
Bonsoir,
pétrole, fuel et essence
essayez "petrol" pour l'essence "diesel fuel" pour le gazole (gas oil originally) et "fuel" pour le fioul, le dictionnaire en ligne dit "fuel oil"

erreurs en bleu, corrections en vert:

This article comes from the «Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung» N. 289, page 21. The author is Christian Siedenbiedel. This article is (prétérit) published on December 12, 2015. It deals with the drop in oil prices because of a production record and this drop impacts on the American companies in particular. The problem is : is the fracking industry in danger ?

At the end of the year, the oil prices decreased to very low levels. According to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC), its oil production reached its highest level in more than three years : the production has increased by 31.7 million barrels per day (a day). The oil price sinks (prétérit?) below 40 dollars for the first time since 2009. For example, the oil price of the West Texas Intermediate has reached its lowest price which is 38.3 dollars.

With the drop in of oil prices, the fuel oil prices and the petrol prices have also decreased in Germany. The diesel oil Diesel fuel is around one euro per litre and the national average prices are around 47.5 cents per litre of fuel. According to Tecson, prices could be expected to go down.

However the American companies withstand the drop of the oil prices. When the decrease of the oil prices has begun (prétérit, action datée) in July 2014, the companies have increased their extraction by 7%, a rise of 9 400 000 barrels. They survive (prétérit?) the drop of the(in) prices because they are more productive in a very short space of time such as Continental Resources which has increased its extraction by 25% in spite of a loss of turnover. Because of falling prices, American producers have closed around two thirds of investments in oil extraction and they look for new sources of oil thanks to new technologies. Moreover, smaller producers are indebted and 200 000 workers have lost their jobs in these oil companies.

At the same time, a new method is(prétérit) born in the oil industry. Nowadays, these «fracking» companies are more flexible because «fracking» is based on the exploitation of small oil fields in a short period, so they can start extracting oil if profit is positive or vice versa. At the moment, 6000 oilfields are drilled and they will be exploited if there is a demand from the market.

As oil is currently phenomenally inexpensive, German consumers are very pleased with this fall in prices. However, there are companies in Germany,(à supprimer) which extract oil and now there are suffering from this drop in prices. The fact that people will use this resource in a carefree way is another consequence, but the question is how long that positive situation will last. At the moment, people spend less than 1500 euros to fill a 3000-Litre cistern (fuel tank). By contrast, it was(plutôt le verbe cost) between 2500 and 3000 euros during the previous winters. Economists speak about «Reversed oil shock» referring to the oil crisis in the 1970s.

Saudi Arabia is also playing a key role in this issue. Although the prices are dropping, the Saudis can't reduce their oil extraction. That's why Saudi Arabia has to accept temporary losses in expecting that other oil suppliers enter the market and that the prices increase.
The oil market is an oligopolistic market, that's why economists talk about the «Limit-Pricing» phenomenon. Three groups of concurrent( 1) pluriel 2) competitors?) are playing a key role in this market: the American «Fracking»-industry, Russia as well as Iraq and Iran. The situation of the American companies which are in need is profitable for Saudi Arabia. The Saudis estimate that the minimum price of an extraction which remains profitable is around 50 dollars, whereas the Americans are driving down this price. For this reason, the Saudis think that the Americans will have the market, but only in the medium term.

As already mentioned, American companies are more flexible thanks to the «fracturing» technology. That's why,(à supprimer) this American flexibility complicates the strategies of Saudi Arabia because there are actively dumping the prices.
The Saudis strategy is the strategy of «drug dealers», that means, the oil-producing countries offer the western countries oil below the cost of production in order to make them dependent. This strategy demands a mutual agreement between the oil-producing countries. Geopolitical considerations come into come into play.
That's why, oil is expect expected to be affordable in Germany for some time as long as there are no military confrontations or a maritime blockade with one of these countries because some brokers have a pessimistic view of the geopolitical situation:this situation is recalling (présent simple) the events of 1914 (the 1914 events) and they are afraid of new conflicts.




Réponse: Correction/ article de alienx, postée le 08-01-2016 à 16:43:41 (S | E)
Mille mercis pour l'aide !!!!
Je vous souhaite une bonne journée !




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