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Bac/Places and forms of power

Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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Bac/Places and forms of power
Message de roseelise posté le 29-05-2015 à 18:52:03 (S | E | F)
Bonjour,
je souhaiterais que l'on m'aide pour la correction de mon texte en anglais. xxx
Merci d'avance ;)

Problem: The media possess some form of power over society?

I - The power of the media
A - in the maintenance of democracy
The media play an important role in the society of today ' hui. After the Executive, the legislature and the judiciary, they are even called the Fourth Estate, because they play a role in the balance between the different forms of power at work in democracy by informing people and disclosure of truths. Thus, they prevent Governments to do anything. This is precisely what happened in the scandal of Watergate in 1971. A Washington Post article describes how the newspaper revealed the scandal, through the survey of journalists who discovered the link between the burglars supposedly in a building and the Republican party. They discovered that the burglary was in fact an attempt by tapping Democrats and spy on them. This scandal led to the resignation of Republican president Richard Nixon. Therefore, we can see how the media can restore order in the maintenance of a balance within democracy. Countervailing power is a power against which revolves against an established authority. It can be political, economic or social force and its role has the effect of restricting the exercise of the power in place and offer an alternative to the decisions of an authority.

B - A power that allows progress in society.
Indeed, the media are a stimulus for social progress. For example, when the TV station filmed students from Little Rock, they help the population to accept the fact that segregation has become intolerable to the school. These students needed police to come to school because they are the subject of discrimination on the part of the other students who do not accept black people. Moreover, when Rosa Parks decided to boycott the Montgomery bus, it is the media who have spread the message of the latter. Thanks to them, many people join them to boycott buses and leads at the end of segregation on buses. The media allow public opinion to problems. However, the media can manipulate public opinion in not hiding some.

II - A power that can have adverse effects.
A - A unique and selected information
With globalization, almost everyone can easily access media, but everyone accesses the same information. Indeed, some agencies share information to all newspapers, television channels so that they can choose the information they choose to share. Thus, they can manipulate public opinion, especially those that use only one type of media to inquire. The quality of the information can be questioned. No checking is done on this network and there are false news and images contrary to human dignity. Vigilance and training of users here is the only bulwark against disinformation. The United States is home to famous news channels of broadcasting such as CNN or Fox News, which, even if they are not always considered reliable, are monitored in the world through satellites. But reliability is still a problem as the media are concerned. If they sometimes reveal scandals, they can also make their way, or manipulate people.
This problem is related to the ethics of the media

B - A power that controls the population
In some countries, all television channels are controlled by the Government, which makes handling easier. We can cite the example of North Korea, which has broadcast videos that show the virtual bombing of the White House. Obviously, it's propaganda. In this case, the manipulation is obvious. Propaganda is often used in dictatorships for conditioning the population in a certain ideology.
The uses of the media for purposes of power: this question relates directly to a lively debate concerning "the manipulation, real or supposed, of the media by politicians", which is often referred to by the term «mediacratie» or «telecratie», because television is at the centre of this debate.
But we must not forget that, even in a democratic system, we can be manipulated. In fact, as we have said before, the media need capital. If the owner of the newspaper wants to emphasize on a subject, he has to tell his staff and so much information can be undeclared.

-------------------
Modifié par lucile83 le 29-05-2015 19:18


Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de laure95, postée le 31-05-2015 à 11:19:45 (S | E)
Bjr, Bonjour,

- The media possess some form of power over society?: construction d'une question : AUXILIAIRE DO + SUJET + BASE VERBALE + COMPLEMENT.

- in the society of today ' hui; in today's society.
- they prevent Governments to do anything: PREVENT FROM + VERBE + ING.
- an attempt by tapping: an attempt TO + INFINITIF.
- Countervailing power is a power against which revolves against an established authority: à simplifier et reformuler.
-and offer: offering

-when the TV station: TV channel.
- they help: continue au passé.
- to the school: at school.
- these students needed police: THOSE students needed THE police.
- they are: passée.
- the subject of discrimination: the victims.
-on the part of the other students: from other students.
- who do not accept black people: passé.
- the Montgomery bus: enlever THE
- it is the media who have spread the message of the latter: the media spread
- many people join them: passé.
- leads: passé.
- at the end: TO the end.
- The media allow public opinion to problems: mal dit.

A - A unique and selected information: enlever A devant unique.
- everyone can easily access media: have access to the media.
- but everyone accesses the same information: has access to.
- share information to: SHARE WITH.
- No checking is done: no check.
- Vigilance and training of users here is: sujet plurie = verbe au pluriel.
-The United States is home: The United States have

- for conditioning: to condition.
- The uses of the media for purposes of power: où est le verbe.

-------------------
Modifié par lucile83 le 31-05-2015 11:53



Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de roseelise, postée le 31-05-2015 à 12:37:36 (S | E)
Bonjour,

Merci pour votre aide voici ma correction, il y peut-être des choses ou je me suis trompée . J'aimerais bien avoir votre avis sur mon travail qui est un oral pour mon bac.

Problem:Do the media possess some form of power?
I - The power of the media
A - In the maintenance of democracy
The media play an important role in today’s society. After the Executive, the legislature and the judiciary, they are even called the Fourth Estate, because they play a role in the balance between the different forms of power at work in democracy by informing people and disclosure of truths. Thus, they prevent form Governments to do anything. This is precisely what happened in the scandal of Watergate in 1971. A Washington Post article describes how the newspaper revealed the scandal, through the survey of journalists who discovered the link between the burglars supposedly in a building and the Republican party. They discovered that the burglary was in fact an attempt to tappe Democrats and spy on them. This scandal led to the resignation of Republican president Richard Nixon. Therefore, we can see how the media can restore order in the maintenance of a balance within democracy. It can be political, economic or social force and its role has the effect of restricting the exercise of the power in place and offering an alternative to the decisions of an authority.
B - A power which enables advances in society.
Indeed, the media are a stimulus for social progress. For example, when the TV channel filmed students from Little Rock, they helped the population to accept the fact that segregation has become intolerable at school. Those students needed the police to come to school because they were the victims from other students who did not accept black people. Moreover, when Rosa Parks decided to boycott Montgomery bus the media spread. Thanks to them, many people joined them to boycott buses and led to the end of segregation on buses. People become aware of through the media problems. However, the media can manipulate public opinion in not hiding some.
II - A power that can have adverse effects.
A – Unique and selected information
With globalization, almost everyone have access to the media, but everyone has access to the same information. Indeed, some agencies share with information to all newspapers, television channels so that they can choose the information they choose to share. Thus, they can manipulate public opinion, especially those that use only one type of media to inquire. The quality of the information can be questioned. No check is done on this network and there are false news and images contrary to human dignity. Vigilance and training of users here are the only bulwark against disinformation. The United States have to famous news channels of broadcasting such as CNN or Fox News, which, even if they are not always considered reliable, are monitored in the world through satellites. But reliability is still a problem as the media are concerned. If they sometimes reveal scandals, they can also make their way, or manipulate people.
This problem is related to the ethics of the media
B - A power that controls the population
In some countries, all television channels are controlled by the Government, which makes handling easier. We can cite the example of North Korea, which has broadcast videos that show the virtual bombing of the White House. Obviously, it's propaganda. In this case, the manipulation is obvious. Propaganda is often used in dictatorships to condition the population in a certain ideology.
The media is used for the purpose of power: this question relates directly to a lively debate concerning "the manipulation, real or supposed, of the media by politicians", which is often referred to by the term «mediacratie» or «telecratie», because television is at the centre of this debate.
But we must not forget that, even in a democratic system, we can be manipulated. In fact, as we have said before, the media need capital. If the owner of the newspaper wants to emphasize on a subject, he has to tell his staff and so much information can be undeclared.
Conclusion
We conclude that the media have a power which is necessary for a democracy, but we must take all the same take back. The stereotypical image of a view which would naively be under influence of the speech carried by the mainstream media is widely questioned by the approaches of these phenomena in terms of interactions between a variety of media and opinion which would be "capable" and should exercise discernment. It is now clear that the public, has a "strong capacity of selection. This capability is facilitated no doubt by the increase of critical discourse on media. The influence of speech relayed by the media the opinions and behaviors of the listeners or viewers is a complex process, involving a multitude of factors






Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de laure95, postée le 31-05-2015 à 15:32:15 (S | E)
- Do the media possess some form of power?: mettre FORM au pluriel.
- Thus, they prevent form Governments to do anything: they prevent Governments from doing anything.
- It can be political, economic or social force: ajouter l'article A.
- the power in place: tehe current power.
- the TV channel: mettre A à la place de THE.
- they were the victims from: OF.
- to boycott Montgomery bus: ajouter l'article A.
- People become aware of : of what?,
- through the media problems: ?

- everyone have access: EVERYONE + VERBE AU SINGULIER.
- some agencies share with information to all newspapers: some agencies share their information with all newspapers.
- The United States have to famous: il manque un verbe après HAVE TO.
- But reliability is still a problem as the media are concerned: AS FAR AS the media...
- the media need capital: some money.
- We conclude: we can conclude by saying
- but we must take all the same take back: ?,
- The stereotypical image of a view which would naively be under influence of the speech carried by the mainstream media is widely questioned by the approaches of these phenomena in terms of interactions between a variety of media and opinion which would be "capable" and should exercise discernment: phrase trop longue.
- This capability is facilitated no doubt: there is no doubt that this capacity...
- The influence of speech relayed by the media the opinions and behaviors of the listeners or viewers: ?

Tu présentes bien les médias sous ses différents aspects.
Soit plus concise et simple dans ta conclusion.
pense à une phrase ou une question d'ouverture.




Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de roseelise, postée le 31-05-2015 à 16:19:27 (S | E)
Voili ma nouvelle correction j'espère que cela sera bon ou du moins presque

I'm going to talk about the concept places and forms of power. I'll start by giving a definition of this concept. In politics and social science, power is the ability to influence people's behaviour. In order to live together members of a community accept rules, regulations, and laws. This helps to create social cohesion but can also lead to conflicts and tensions. Even when authority seems absolute, there are always counter-powers which question it, aim at limiting its excesses and resist it. To illustrate this concept, I chose to talk about the power of media. Our reflection will focus on the question: Do the media possess some forms of power?
I - The power of the media
A - In the maintenance of democracy
The media play an important role in today’s society. After the Executive, the legislature and the judiciary, they are even called the Fourth Estate, because they play a role in the balance between the different forms of power at work in democracy by informing people and disclosure of truths. Thus, they prevent Governments from doing anything. This is precisely what happened in the scandal of Watergate in 1971. A Washington Post article describes how the newspaper revealed the scandal, through the survey of journalists who discovered the link between the burglars supposedly in a building and the Republican Party. They discovered that the burglary was in fact an attempt to tappe Democrats and spy on them. This scandal led to the resignation of Republican president Richard Nixon. Therefore, we can see how the media can restore order in the maintenance of a balance within democracy. It can be a political, economic or social force and its role has the effect of restricting the exercise of the current power and offering an alternative to the decisions of an authority.
B - A power which enables advances in society.
Indeed, the media are a stimulus for social progress. For example, when a TV channel filmed students from Little Rock, they helped the population to accept the fact that segregation has become intolerable at school. Those students needed the police to come to school because they were the victims from of other students who did not accept black people. Moreover, when Rosa Parks decided to boycott Montgomery a bus the media spread. Thanks to them, many people joined them to boycott buses and led to the end of segregation on buses. People become aware of through the media problems(je ne vois ce que vous voulez me dire ). However, the media can manipulate public opinion in not hiding some.
II - A power that can have adverse effects.
A – Unique and selected information
With globalization, almost everyone has access to the media, but everyone has access to the same information. Indeed, some agencies share their information with all newspaper, television channels so that they can choose the information they choose to share. Thus, they can manipulate public opinion, especially those that use only one type of media to inquire. The quality of the information can be questioned. No check is done on this network and there are false news and images contrary to human dignity. Vigilance and training of users here are the only bulwark against disinformation. The United States have the famous news channels of broadcasting such as CNN or Fox News, which, even if they are not always considered reliable, are monitored in the world through satellites. But reliability is still a problem as far as the media are concerned. If they sometimes reveal scandals, they can also make their way, or manipulate people. This problem is related to the ethics of the media
B - A power that controls the population
In some countries, all television channels are controlled by the Government, which makes handling easier. We can cite the example of North Korea, which has broadcast videos that show the virtual bombing of the White House. Obviously, it's propaganda. In this case, the manipulation is obvious. Propaganda is often used in dictatorships to condition the population in a certain ideology. The media is used for the purpose of power: this question relates directly to a lively debate concerning "the manipulation, real or supposed, of the media by politicians", which is often referred to by the term «mediacratie» or «telecratie», because television is at the centre of this debate.
But we must not forget that, even in a democratic system, we can be manipulated. In fact, as we have said before, the media need some money. If the owner of the newspaper wants to emphasize on a subject, he has to tell his staff and so much information can be undeclared.
Conclusion: We can conclude by saying that the media have a power which is necessary for a democracy. However, we must not forget that they can also use this power to go against democracy. They can manipulate us. It is now clear that the public has a "strong capacity of selection. The influence of speech relayed by the media influence on the opinions and behaviour of the population, is a complex process.



Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de roseelise, postée le 31-05-2015 à 16:21:49 (S | E)
Pour la conclusion, en ouverture est-ce que cça c'est bien ? : However, should we not impose more rules to the media?



Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de laure95, postée le 31-05-2015 à 16:53:38 (S | E)
-they were the victims from of other students: enlever FROM.
- Montgomery a bus: mettre A devant Montgomery.
- People become aware of through the media problems: enlever through
- all newspaper: à mettre au pluriel.



Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de laure95, postée le 31-05-2015 à 16:55:00 (S | E)
Ta question d'ouverture est très bien. Tu peux ajouter aussi "or limits" après "rules".



Réponse: Bac/Places and forms of power de roseelise, postée le 31-05-2015 à 19:29:08 (S | E)
oki merci je change tous ça.

I'm going to talk about the concept places and forms of power. I'll start by giving a definition of this concept. In politics and social science, power is the ability to influence people's behaviour. In order to live together members of a community accept rules, regulations, and laws. This helps to create social cohesion but can also lead to conflicts and tensions. Even when authority seems absolute, there are always counter-powers which question it, aim at limiting its excesses and resist it. To illustrate this concept, I chose to talk about the power of media. Our reflection will focus on the question: Do the media possess some forms of power?
I - The power of the media
A - In the maintenance of democracy
The media play an important role in today’s society. After the Executive, the legislature and the judiciary, they are even called the Fourth Estate, because they play a role in the balance between the different forms of power at work in democracy by informing people and disclosure of truths. Thus, they prevent Governments from doing anything. This is precisely what happened in the scandal of Watergate in 1971. A Washington Post article describes how the newspaper revealed the scandal, through the survey of journalists who discovered the link between the burglars supposedly in a building and the Republican Party. They discovered that the burglary was in fact an attempt to tappe Democrats and spy on them. This scandal led to the resignation of Republican president Richard Nixon. Therefore, we can see how the media can restore order in the maintenance of a balance within democracy. It can be a political, economic or social force and its role has the effect of restricting the exercise of the current power and offering an alternative to the decisions of an authority.
B - A power which enables advances in society.
Indeed, the media are a stimulus for social progress. For example, when a TV channel filmed students from Little Rock, they helped the population to accept the fact that segregation has become intolerable at school. Those students needed the police to come to school because they were the victims of other students who did not accept black people. Moreover, when Rosa Parks decided to boycott a Montgomery bus the media spread. Thanks to them, many people joined them to boycott buses and led to the end of segregation on buses. People become aware of the media problems. However, the media can manipulate public opinion in not hiding some.
II - A power that can have adverse effects.
A – Unique and selected information
With globalization, almost everyone has access to the media, but everyone has access to the same information. Indeed, some agencies share their information with all newspapers, television channels so that they can choose the information they choose to share. Thus, they can manipulate public opinion, especially those that use only one type of media to inquire. The quality of the information can be questioned. No check is done on this network and there are false news and images contrary to human dignity. Vigilance and training of users here are the only bulwark against disinformation. The United States have the famous news channels of broadcasting such as CNN or Fox News, which, even if they are not always considered reliable, are monitored in the world through satellites. But reliability is still a problem as far as the media are concerned. If they sometimes reveal scandals, they can also make their way, or manipulate people. This problem is related to the ethics of the media
B - A power that controls the population
In some countries, all television channels are controlled by the Government, which makes handling easier. We can cite the example of North Korea, which has broadcast videos that show the virtual bombing of the White House. Obviously, it's propaganda. In this case, the manipulation is obvious. Propaganda is often used in dictatorships to condition the population in a certain ideology. The media is used for the purpose of power: this question relates directly to a lively debate concerning "the manipulation, real or supposed, of the media by politicians", which is often referred to by the term «mediacratie» or «telecratie», because television is at the centre of this debate.
But we must not forget that, even in a democratic system, we can be manipulated. In fact, as we have said before, the media need some money. If the owner of the newspaper wants to emphasize on a subject, he has to tell his staff and so much information can be undeclared.
Conclusion: We can conclude by saying that the media have a power which is necessary for a democracy. However, we must not forget that they can also use this power to go against democracy. They can manipulate us. It is now clear that the public has a "strong capacity of selection. The influence of speech relayed by the media influence on the opinions and behaviour of the population, is a complex process. However, should we not impose more ules or limits to the media ?




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