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Bac/ Idée de progrès

Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais: Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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Bac/ Idée de progrès
Message de grosminet posté le 26-04-2015 à 17:37:45 (S | E | F)
Bonjour à tous,
Comme beaucoup en cette période, je me prépare pour la partie orale des épreuves de langues vivantes pour le bac. Ainsi, pourriez-vous m'aider à corriger ces quelques phrases types s'il vous plait ? Merci d'avance.

I’m going to talk about “the notion of progress”. Let’s begin with a short definition : we can say that progress is a forward movement, an advance, a development in a particular field like science, economy or society. Consequently, it can be thought of as a positive thing. Nonetheless, in some situations, progress is pushed to the limits and there are sometimes excesses. Thus, we can wonder whether we must fear progress. To try to answer this question, I’m going to interest in one type of progress, the scientific progress, and especially in its positive and negative impacts.

For thirty years, thanks to experiments, the scientific research about cells and genetics has made some breakthroughs and it has led to many applications. We have studied some of these in class. First of all, our scientific knowledge enable parents struggled with infertility to have children by In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). In my opinion, it’s a typical success of medical progress. Furthermore, there is a still more unbelievable application : Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PDG). Indeed, with an article of the newspaper USA Today, we have studied in class the example of Molly Nash. This young girl was suffering from a rare illness which doesn’t have any treatment. However, by screening for and sorting out embryos, scientists have selected one of them who owned characteristic genes. They have so given birth to Adam, Molly’s brother, who was an ideal transplant candidate for his sister. Thus, PDG saved Molly’s life. That’s why, to my mind, this form of progress is good and useful because it avoids deaths. So, it can be considered that progress is generally positive !

But, on the other hand, some practices are controversial and denounced. In class, we have seen that in an article a journalist for a web magazine raise an interesting problem about PGD. Indeed, the cell selection could be used for non-medicinal purposes but for cosmetic purposes : parents could choose traits of their child (like “red-hair”, “freckles”, “green eyes”, “high IQ”), such as in a “fast-food order”. I think it’s not acceptable and it’s a real issue ! Not only is it unethical but it also could be very harmful ! Indeed, people who would not be born by PDG, in other words, who would have some flaws, would be not on a equal footing and could be considered as “second-class citizens”… I can’t bear it ! Creating “super-men” would be not a human progress, it would be a dehumanization !

Thus, I think we must all be aware of the situation, debate these issues and draw the line, in order to avoid excesses. Consequently, we needn’t fear progress but we must stay cautious !






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