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Cours gratuits > Forum > Forum anglais : Questions sur l'anglais || En bas

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Aide/Correction
Message de carla1311 posté le 25-11-2020 à 13:18:08 (S | E | F)
Bonjour,
je dois écrire un texte pour un exposé et je voudrais savoir si j'ai fait des erreurs dans mon texte.
Merci d'avance pour votre aide !

If you were asked to select the most important organ of your body, what would you think of first? The brain ? The heart ? The lungs ? Probably not the intestines. And yet, our intestines are a more complex and noble organ than they appear.
Following more than ten years of research, the stomach is now recognized as a central control post in our body and it’s thanks to intestinal microbiota.
So, in this presentation I will explain you how bacteria rule over our body and what are their role. First, I will tell you about their development, then, how they can communicate and influence our whole body and finally what are their effects in our existence?

As you maybe know, microbes are everywhere : there are on our phone, on our hands before and after we wash them and literally everywhere else on top of us too. Microbes are omnipresent at any moment, and there is nothing we can do about it.
So, one day, our body and some microorganisms have reached an agreement that would benefit both. And we call this relation between us host-microbe symbiosis.

First, one can raise the question of knowing how does microbiotas form?
Inside the mother’s womb, humans start out “sterile” and it’s during the delivery that the bacteria’s colonization begin. The mother's bacteria will cover every part of the baby's body. The microbiotas are gradually being put in place and it takes up to three years until a healthy microbe community has formed.
His composition varies greatly from one individual to another as a function of age, lifestyle and bacteria left by our mother at the beginning of our life. And every human has their own microbiome, just like every human has their own fingerprint.

This community of microorganisms includes viruses, fungi and other organisms but remains largely dominated by one life form : bacteria.
There are tens of trillions of them and more than 500 different species that live in our belly and especially in our stomachs, intestines and colon. So, we have a real ecosystem at the heart of our body. And all these bacteria play an essential role.

To influence our whole being, bacteria continuously produce many molecules that can:
- go into the blood vessels to circulate throughout the body
- change neuronal activity via the vagus nerve
- modify the activity of immune cells

Before researchers discovered the real importance of intestinal microbiota, bacteria were considered useful for only two functions : the digestion and natural defenses against infectious bacteria.
Through their research, we know that they have an impact on our sleep as well as on our stress, on our heredity as on our personality, on our mood as on our memory. And this list grows year by year thanks to new discoveries by researchers.

However, abnormal distribution of microbiota in the gut alters intestinal function and can have negative effects on us.
Take junk food for example : if we eat hamburger or pizza, the "fast food" bacteria will multiply and multiply and take up space from "vegetable loving" bacteria. But even worse, they send signals to the brain to continue what it's doing. This makes you want more fast food, which breeds more “fast food” bacteria ect. It’s a vicious cycle. In this situation, microbiota could lead a huge role to weight gain and metabolic changes associated with obesity.
And beyond weight gain, our microbiome has also been linked to other serious diseases which however seemed quite far from intestines. For example, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease and many cancers.

Therefore, it is clearly important to preserve our health, and that includes take care of our microbiome. So, we need to adopt a healthy lifestyle.

To conclude, it is important to consider the potential impact that all our intestinal microbiota may have on our body. We see that it can have a positive as well as a negative impact. But as we know, we lives in simbiosis with our microbiome so, we need it and it needs us. Therefore, we have to take care of this powerful ally and in return it will be take care of us.
But we don't know everything about the power of our intestinal microbiota. But, the knowledge gained in recent years about the ability of intestinal microbes to influence and contribute to host health and wellbeing opens new windows of opportunity for nutritional and pharmacological tools to improve host-microbe symbiosis. The most innovative and exciting area for future applications derives from the evidence accumulated on the role of the intestinal microbiota in the brain-intestinal axis. Translation of the effects of microbiota on the brain-intestinal axis found in laboratory and in animal studies and further understanding of how these effects might improve physiological and psychological disturbances are certainly a major challenge for research in forthcoming years.



Réponse : Aide/Correction de lucile83, postée le 25-11-2020 à 18:47:11 (S | E)
up



Réponse : Aide/Correction de gerondif, postée le 26-11-2020 à 00:13:46 (S | E)
Bonsoir
Erreurs en bleu
If you were asked to select the most important organ of your body, what would you think of first? The brain ? The heart ? The lungs ? Probably not the intestines. And yet, our intestines are a more complex and noble organ than they appear.
Following more than ten years of research, the stomach is now recognized as a central control post in our body and it’s thanks to intestinal microbiota.
So, in this presentation I will explain to you how bacteria rule over our body and what are their role.(inversez, et role est singulier) First, I will tell you about their development, then, how they can communicate and influence our whole body and finally what are their effects (inversez, style indirect)in our existence?(mettez un point normal)

As you maybe(as you may know) know, microbes are everywhere : there(ils sont) are on our phone, on our hands before and after we wash them and literally everywhere else on top of (pourquoi au dessus de ?) us too. Microbes are omnipresent at any moment, and there is nothing we can do about it.
So, one day, our body and some microorganisms have reached an agreement that would benefit both. And we call this relation between us(j'aurais mis them) host-microbe symbiosis.

First, one can raise the question of knowing how does microbiotas form?(question au style indirect)
Inside the mother’s womb, humans start out “sterile” and it’s during the delivery that the bacteria’s colonization (je mettrais plutôt un nom composé qu'un génitif ici) begin. The mother's bacteria will cover every part of the baby's body. The microbiotas are gradually being put in place and it takes up to three years until a healthy microbe community has formed.
His composition varies greatly from one individual to another as a function of (depending on)age, lifestyle and bacteria left by our mother at the beginning of our life. And every human has their own microbiome, just like every human has their own fingerprints.

This community of microorganisms includes viruses, fungi and other organisms but remains largely dominated by one life form : bacteria.
There are tens of trillions of them and more than 500 different species that live in our belly and especially in our stomachs, intestines and colon. So, we have a real ecosystem at the heart of our body. And all these bacteria play an essential role.

To influence our whole being, bacteria continuously produce many molecules that can:
- go into the blood vessels to circulate throughout the body
- change neuronal activity via the vagus nerve
- modify the activity of immune cells

Before researchers discovered the real importance of intestinal microbiota, bacteria were considered useful for only two functions : the digestion and natural defenses against infectious bacteria.
Through their research, we know that they have an impact on our sleep as well as on our stress, on our heredity as on our personality, on our mood as on our memory. And this list grows year by year thanks to new discoveries by researchers.

However, abnormal distribution of microbiota in the gut alters intestinal function and can have negative effects on us.
Take junk food for example : if we eat hamburgers or pizza, the "fast food" bacteria will multiply and multiply and take up space from "vegetable loving" bacteria. But even worse, they send signals to the brain to continue what it's doing. This makes you want more fast food, which breeds more “fast food” bacteria ect. It’s a vicious cycle. In this situation, microbiota could lead a huge role (play a huge part in) to weight gain and metabolic changes associated with obesity.
And beyond weight gain, our microbiome has also been linked to other serious diseases which however seemed quite far from intestines. For example, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease and many cancers.

Therefore, it is clearly important to preserve our health, and that includes taking care of our microbiome. So, we need to adopt a healthy lifestyle.

To conclude, it is important to consider the potential impact that all our intestinal microbiota may have on our body. We see that it can have a positive as well as a negative impact. But as we know, we lives in simbiosis with our microbiome so, we need it and it needs us. Therefore, we have to take care of this powerful ally and in return it will be take care of us.
But we don't know everything about the power of our intestinal microbiota. But, the knowledge gained in recent years about the ability of intestinal microbes to influence and contribute to host health and wellbeing opens new windows of opportunity for nutritional and pharmacological tools to improve host-microbe symbiosis. The most innovative and exciting area for future applications derives from the evidence accumulated on the role of the intestinal microbiota in the brain-intestinal axis. Translation of the effects of microbiota on the brain-intestinal axis found in laboratories and in animal studies and further understanding of how these effects might improve physiological and psychological disturbances are certainly a major challenge for research in forthcoming years.



Réponse : Aide/Correction de carla1311, postée le 26-11-2020 à 12:47:25 (S | E)
merci pour votre réponse! j'ai pu corriger ce qu'il n'allait pas !



Réponse : Aide/Correction de gerondif, postée le 26-11-2020 à 12:55:54 (S | E)
ce qui n'allait pas.




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