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Rack Your Brains and Help /86

Cours gratuits > Forum > Exercices du forum || En bas

[POSTER UNE NOUVELLE REPONSE] [Suivre ce sujet]


Rack Your Brains and Help /86
Message de here4u posté le 12-01-2021 à 18:02:59 (S | E | F)
Hello, dear workers! 🏆

My student has come back to a more traditional text..., a real text (that has been shortened, and modified a lot...) It deals with what could become a real disease, or even a handicap for many of us... Some are trying to fight the phenomenon to prevent it from spreading and developing. That's what all of us should do, shouldn't we?
I've found his text interesting and quite easy... but LONG... very long! Therefore, I've chosen to cut it into FOUR PARTS and I remind you that you don't have to do all the parts.(Oh dear, I'll have to find 4 Volunteers for the follow-up work! ) You can choose to do whatever part(s) you fancy!

Unfortunately, my student has left 20 mistakes in his text, and is requiring your help to have them corrected.
Thanks for the help you will give him.
This exercise is a and the correction will be online on Wednesday, 27 January 2021.

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. Chronical procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time for exercice, since they will always put on physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel height levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of chronical illnesses, including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'sensibility to delay': many of us fail recognising how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail appreciating the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it doing on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure on long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE /// Potential antidotes of these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies already”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is told to be the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing about things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone successful complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you don’t do the asked task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO ///.
The university environment proved to be perfect to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates which were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly less likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflexion points little times before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///
No matter which are our goals, we might all benefit from regularly considering these reflexion points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff on, they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to chuck your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///

I give you THE FORCE... as ever!




Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de chekos, postée le 14-01-2021 à 17:16:45 (S | E)
Hello Here4U and the community !

Hope to have good news tonight on TV at 6 pm as our prime minister is to speak.
Hope is the only thing we have left I guess ....

Ready to be corrected

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. Chronicle (1) procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time for exercice, since they (2) always put on physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel height levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of chronic (3) illnesses, including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes of (4) procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'sensibility to delay': many of us fail recognising how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail to appreciate(5) the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it done (6) on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure on long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE /// Potential antidotes of these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies already”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is said(7) to be the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing about things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse, (8) leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone successfully(9) complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you don’t do the asked task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO ///.
The university environment proved to be perfect to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates,(10) which were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various time (11) over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly less likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting away(12) the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflection(13) points little time(14) before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///
No matter which are our goals, we might all benefit from regularly considering these reflection(15) points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always put(16) stuff away (17), it (18)could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to divide(19) your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///

Take good care of you !
Bye bye



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de joe39, postée le 15-01-2021 à 19:49:59 (S | E)
Hello dear here4u,
After short moments of self-reflection,
In order to avoid you the troubles,
Of a congestion,
Due to a procrastination,
I'm sending you here below,
My work,
Ready to be subjected,
To your examination.

It deals with what could become a real disease; or even a handicap for many of us... Some are trying to fight the phenomenon to prevent it from spreading and developing. That's what all of us should do, shouldn't we?
I've found his text interesting and quite easy... but LONG... very

20 mistakes
For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. CHRONIC - 1 procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time TO EXERCISE - 2, since they will always PUT OFF - 3 physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel HIGH - 4 levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of CHRONIC illnesses, including cardiovascular DISEASES - 5.

There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'SENSITIVITY - 6 to delay': many of us fail RECOGNISE - 7 how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail TO APPRECIATE - 8 the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it DONE - 9 on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure OVER - 10- long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE
///
Potential antidotes TO - 11 these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies YET - 12”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy IS SAID - 13 to be the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing WITH - 14 things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone SUCCESSFULLY - 15 complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you don’t do the asked task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO ///.

The university environment proved to be perfect to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates which were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly less likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.

The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different REFLECTION POINTS A FEW -16 times before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///

No matter which OUR GOALS ARE- 17, we might all benefit from regularly considering these REFLECTION points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff OFF - 18, they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to REGULARLY QUESTION - 19 what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough.
You should then work out ways to CHUNK - 20 your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///

I thank you very much for the demanding exercise and remain, wishing you a nice weekend and a short-term end of the predicament in being by you and throughout France. Take care.
So long.
Joe39



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de taiji43, postée le 16-01-2021 à 17:13:24 (S | E)
Dear Here4U
I finished correcting this text which was not a long quiet river !

it is ready to be corrected

I will translate the first part.


For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. CHRONICLE procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time for EXCERCISE since they will always put OFF physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel height levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of CHRONIC illnesses, including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'sensibility to delay': many of us fail TO RECOGNIZE how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail TO APPRECIATE the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it DONE on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure on long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE ///

Potential antidotes TO these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies YET”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is SAID to be (est dite être) the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing WITH things”. CBT is relatively time -consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone SUCESSFULLY complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you don’t do the asked task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO /·

The university environment proved to be perfect to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates WHO were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points???TIMES (moments) over the course (au cours de ) of the two weeks. When researchers compared THE UDATED PROGRESS( la mise à jour) of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly less likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflexion points SHORTTLY Or LITTLE TIME before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///

No matter our goals ARE, we might all benefit from regularly considering these reflexion points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff OFF, IT could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”The important thing is to REGULARLY (devant le verbe) ASSESS what or Which goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to chuck your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long wayTOWARDS increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de magie8, postée le 18-01-2021 à 14:26:16 (S | E)
hello bonjour tous je pense avoir assez décortiqué ce texte je mets BON à Corriger

This exercise is a and the correction will be online on Wednesday, 27 January 2021.

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. CHRONIC procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time for EXERCISE, since they will always put OFF physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel HIGH levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of CHRONIC illnesses, including cardiovascular diseaseS.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our sensibility or'SENSITIVITY to delay': many of us fail TO RECOGNISE how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail TO appreciatE the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting IT DONE on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure OVER long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE /// Potential antidotes TO these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies YET ”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is told to be the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing about things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts THAT ask people to consider:
• How would someone successful complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you don’t do the asked task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO ///.
The university environment proved to be perfect to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates WHO(des personnes, les étudiants du 1er cycle) , were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly less likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different REFLECTION points A FEW times before(plusieurs fois avant) or A little TIME ( un peu avant) they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///
No matter () () our goals,(quels que soient nos buts, qu' importe nos buts) we might all benefit from regularly considering these REFLECTION points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff OFF , they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to REGULARLY QUESTION what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to CHUNK(DIVIDE) your task into smaller parts,(casser en morceaux votre tâche, la diviser en parts plus petites,répartir votre tâche) before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///

CONCERNANT SENSIBILITY OR SENSITIVITY? LES 2 EXISTENT d'après mes recherches je pense avoir compris que la nuance est la suivante=sensibility serait utilisé pour ce qui concerne les sentiments,les émotions
et sensitivity plus pour les sensations physiologiques
Mais le terme sensibility serait plus ancien et en anglais actuel sensitivity peut être utilisé dans les 2 cas?
JE NE SUIS PAS CERTAINE D'avoir trouvé la réponse?
Une autre source d'information me dit que sensibilities se traduit par susceptibilité

JE TRADUIRAI LA 1ERE PARTIE



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de alpiem, postée le 19-01-2021 à 17:37:23 (S | E)
Rack Your Brains /86 READY TO CORRECT
20 fautes pour le 27/1

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive
change.
Chronical procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those
with jobs have a vastly reduced income,earning at least
$14,000 less than their more proactive colleages.
Procrastinators also struggle to find time for EXERCISE, since they will always
put BACK physical activity for another day.

And thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important
tasks, they tend to HIT a HIGH level of anxiety.The result is an elevated risk
of chronical illneses, including cardiovascular desease.
There are several causes OF procratination: the first one is 'expectancy':we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation.
The second is our sensibility' to delay: many of us FAIL IN regognizing how badly our current
delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time.
Thirdly we fail IN APPRECIATING the value of the task and the benefits of getting it DONE on
time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure on long-term consequences.///end of
PART ONE///

Potential antidotes of these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. "There just
aren't ANY studies YET."
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is told to be the only existing method with RELIABLY benefits.
During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client TALK through the thoughts,
emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity."You try to recognise what you are
doing wrong,and adapt your behaviours to more functionnal ways of dealing WITH things".

CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative.
Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone SUCCESSFULLY complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you HAVEN'T DONE the asked task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO ///.

The university environment proved to be perfect to test the method. More than 100
undergraduates WHO were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade,were recruited.
To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to
estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment.
Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at
various points over the course of the two weeks.
When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two
weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly
less likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until
the end of the fortnight.
It has in other words, significaly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflexion points
A LITTLE TIME before they started taking action- a phenomenon described as a "sleeper effect".
You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that
they had learnt a lot from the EXPERIMENT.
"They said that we should do this for every course we have.///END OF PART THREE///


No matter what OUR GOALS ARE, we might all benefit from regularly considering these reflexion points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff AWAY, they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to CHUNK your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to INCREASE your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de maxwell, postée le 20-01-2021 à 12:44:53 (S | E)
READY TO BE CORRECTED
Hello Here4U
Thanks a lot for this very interesting subject that concerns so many of us.. !
Here's my try:

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. CHRONIC procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time for EXERCISE, since they will always put OFF physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel HIGH levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of CHRONIC illnesses, including cardiovascular DISEASES.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'SENSITIVITY to delay': many of us fail TO RECOGNISE how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail TO APPRECIATE the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it DONE IN time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure OVER long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE /// Potential antidotes TO these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just HAVEN'T BEEN many studies YET”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is SAID to be the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your BEHAVIOUR to more functional ways of dealing WITH things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone SUCCESSFULLY complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you DIDN'T do the REQUESTED task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to TAKE?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal IN time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO ///.
The university environment proved to be perfect AT TESTING the method. More than 100 undergraduates which were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those OBSERVING the four reflection points were significantly MORE likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their PROCRASTINATION.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different REFLECTION points A little TIME before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///
No matter which our goals ARE , we might all benefit from REGULARITY considering these REFLECTION points. If you want to apply this TO yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting THINGS OFF, they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to CHUNK your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de chocolatcitron, postée le 25-01-2021 à 07:51:28 (S | E)
Rack Your Brains /86
Message de here4u posté le 12-01-2021 à 18:02:59 27 January
Hello my dear Here4u, thanks!
Hi everybody!

FINISHED!

Unfortunately, my student has left 20 mistakes to be found…

Here is my work:
For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents FROM positive change. CHRONIC procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time for EXERCISE, since they will always PUT BACK (= postpone = remettre à plus tard) physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel HIGH levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of CHRONIC illnesses, including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'SENSITIVITY to delay': many of us fail TO RECOGNISE how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail TO APPRECIATE the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it doing on time, which means that we favour OVER (preferer qqch/qqn à qqch/qqn) our immediate pleasure on long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE /// Potential antidotes of these problems have so far been woefully (=tristement, terriblement) under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies already”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is SAID to be the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing WITH things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone SUCCESSFULLY complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you don’t do the asked task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal IN (in time est plus précis que on time…) time, what would it be? ///END OF PART TWO ///.
The university environment proved to be perfect FOR TESTING the method. More than 100 undergraduates WHO were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly MORE likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflexion points little times before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///
No matter which our goals ARE, we might all benefit from REGULARITY considering these REFLECTION points. If you want to apply this TO yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff on, they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to CHUNK (détailler, couper en gros morceaux) your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year. /// END OF THE TEXT. ///

I give you THE FORCE, stay safe!
See you soon.



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de here4u, postée le 27-01-2021 à 22:51:05 (S | E)
Hello, dear Friends!

Vous avez fait ce loooong exercice sans presque protester ... Et pourtant c'est vrai que c'était long ... (Pour vous consoler, dites-vous que je l'ai, aussi , beaucoup ressenti pendant les corrections ! (Served me right! ) I'll be kinder to you in the future!

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. Chronic procrastinators(1) are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time to exercise (2), since they will always put off (3) physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel high levels(4) of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of chronic illnesses (1), including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'sensitivity to delay'(5): many of us fail to recognise (6) how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail to appreciate (6) the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it done (7) on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure over long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE ///
Potential antidotes to (8) these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies yet” (9). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is said to be (10) the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing with (11) things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone successful complete the goal? *
• How would you feel if you don’t do the required (12) task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be?///END OF PART TWO ///
The university proved to be (13) the perfect environment to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates who (14) were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly more likely (15) to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflection (16) points a few times (17) before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”///END OF PART THREE ///
No matter what our goals are (18), we might all benefit from regularly considering these reflection (16) points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff off (19), they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to chunk (20) your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year.///END of the TEXT ///

Comme vous l’avez, j’espère, remarqué, le point de grammaire choisi cette fois était surtout le problème du choix des particules.
(1) Chronic (adjectif) a souvent été confondu avec «chronical» (= 2 adjectives ) et même «chronicle» (a noun !).
(2) struggle to find time to exercise / Ici, deux difficultés … To find time TO do something… Trouver le temps POUR/ de faire … ET faire de l’exercice physique= to exercise (with an S). Le verbe prend un S et le nom prend un C (doing exercice).
(3) To put off= remettre à plus tard. Verbes à particules : to PUT-anglais (anglaisfacile.com) Bien relire cette leçon. Beaucoup de fantaisies m’ont été proposées ! (ce qui est agréable, mais … )
(4) to feel high levels of anxiety: ne pas confondre HIGH (l’adjectif) et HEIGHT (le nom).
(5) our 'sensitivity to delay’: différence entre « sensible=> "sensibility" ET "sensitive"=> "sensivity". sensible - WordReference.com Dictionary of English = raisonnable // sensitive - WordReference.com Dictionary of English = sensible.
(6) we fail to appreciate: To fail TO do something
(7) «getting it done=> to get something done : Causatives : faire faire quelque chose à quelqu'un-anglais (anglaisfacile.com) A revoir !
(8) antidotes to these problems: an antidote TO something// a solution TO a problem.
(9) “There just aren’t many studies yet: not yet; Still /yet/ not... yet-anglais (anglaisfacile.com)
(10) is said to be= un passif : It Is Said That / He Is Said To / (be) Supposed To (grammarbank.com)
(11) dealing with things: to deal WITH something. deal with - WordReference.com Dictionary of English
* How would someone successful complete the goal? Cette phrase est correcte et n’avait pas besoin d’être corrigée ! Vous en avez, en général, mal interprété la construction : le sujet de la phrase est "someone successful"(un groupe nominal formé d'un pronom indéfini et d'un adjectif qualificatif) et le verbe "complete".
(12) do the required task: «asked» ne convient pas en épithète.
(13) The university proved to be: to turn out to be: révéler être - traduction - Dictionnaire Français-Anglais WordReference.com
(14) 100 undergraduates who were: a graduate/ an undergraduate= a person=> WHO
(15) were significantly more likely to get: ici, «more» était grammaticalement bon mais ne faisait pas sens ! La logique du texte EXIGEAIT «less».
(16) the different reflection: différence entre réflexion - traduction - Dictionnaire Français-Anglais WordReference.com avec tendance à « mélanger » « reflexion » and « reflection ».
(17) a few times: quelques fois // a little time: un peu de temps.
(18) No matter which are our goals : DEUX problèmes : WHICH implique un choix limité (entre deux éléments souvent ou un choix restreint toujours. WHAT, au contraire implique un choix large, ou vous avez de nombreuses possibilités de choix.
De plus «what are our goals?» est une interrogative directe, une question (suivie d’un point d’interrogation). Au contraire ici, il s’agissait d’une interrogative indirecte=> pas d’inversion sujet/ verbe=> No matter what our goals are.
(19) always putting stuff off: oups! cf (3)
(20) ways to chuck: Attention ! chuck - English-French Dictionary WordReference.com à ne pas mélanger avec CHUNK : chunk - English-French Dictionary WordReference.com


Comme d'habitude, il me faut des volontaires pour le Follow-up-Work ! (4 ... cette fois ! mais la première partie est assurée donc, please ... TROIS VOLONTAIRES! )Le travail n'est pas urgent, mais la "déclaration de volontariat" l'est ! Merci d'avance et bravo encore de votre très bon travail.





Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de chocolatcitron, postée le 28-01-2021 à 02:59:29 (S | E)
Hello my dear Here4u,
Hello all of you!

Merci pour tes explications, Here4u. ❤️

Je choisis la quatrième et dernière partie, pas facile cependant à traduire, même si elle est assez simple à comprendre : j'espère ne pas avoir fait de contresens, ni trahi la pensée de l'auteur... ! ❤️

No matter what our goals are, we might all benefit from regularly considering these reflection points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff off, they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to chunk your task into smaller parts, before taking action on the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the things that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year.///END OF PART THREE ///


Quels que soient nos objectifs, nous pourrions tous bénéficier des points de considération régulière. Si vous voulez vous l’appliquer, vous pourriez envisager de mettre quelques rappels quotidiens dans votre calendrier en ligne pour vous assurer que vous prenez réellement le temps de regarder les invites. « Si vous remarquez que vous remettez toujours des choses à plus tard , ces remarques pourraient être un bon moyen de vérifier votre comportement. »
L’important est de se demander régulièrement quels objectifs vous appréciez réellement, et de vérifier si vous les priorisez suffisamment. Vous devez ensuite trouver des façons de fractionner votre tâche étape par étape, avant de prendre des mesures sur la première marche possible. Cela peut créer une sorte d’élan, ce qui rendra la procrastination moins probable que si vous considériez l’ensemble.
De courts moments de considérations peuvent grandement porter des fruits. Un peu de réflexion ciblée, semble-t-il, peut permettre d’augmenter votre persévérance, l’organisation et l’efficacité, de sorte que vous avez plus de temps à consacrer sur les choses qui comptent vraiment. Ces quelques invites peuvent juste être le secret d’une nouvelle année plus heureuse et plus saine.


Quelles différences entre "put off" et "put back" (dans Word Reference, "put back" signifie "postponer"... ??? Lien internet


"put [sth] back,
put back [sth] vtr phrasal sep (postpone) reporter⇒, remettre⇒, repousser⇒ vtr
Dan has gone to Houston on urgent business, so we will have to put back our meeting until next Tuesday."



Ainsi, il ne te reste plus que deux volontaires à trouver...
Stay safe!
See you soon.



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de magie8, postée le 28-01-2021 à 14:39:47 (S | E)
hello traduction de la 1ere partie


For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. Chronic procrastinators(1) are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time to exercise (2), since they will always put off (3) physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel high levels(4) of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of chronic illnesses (1), including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'sensitivity to delay'(5): many of us fail to recognise (6) how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail to appreciate (6) the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it done (7) on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure over long-term consequences. ///END OF PART ONE ///

Pour beaucoup de personnes,la procrastination est le principal obstacle qui empêche un changement positif.Les procrastinateurs chroniques sont moins susceptibles d'avoir un emploi permanent, et ceux qui ont un emploi ont un revenu très réduit,gagnant au moins 14000 dollars de moins que leurs collègues plus proactifs.Les procrastinateurs ont également du mal à trouver du temps pour le sport, car ils remettent toujours l'activité physique à un autre jour.Et grâce au chaos général qui découle de l'esquive constante de tâches importantes,ils ont tendance à ressentir un niveau d'anxiété élevé.Il en résulte un risque important de maladies chroniques,y compris de maladies cardiovasculaires.Il y a plusieurs causes à la procrastination:la première est "l'attente":nous sous-estimons nos chances
de bien faire la tâche,ce qui réduit notre motivation générale.La seconde est notre sensibilité au retard":beaucoup d'entre nous ne reconnaissent pas à quel point nos tactiques actuelles de retardement affecteront les chances de terminer la tâche à temps.Troisièmement,nous n'apprécions pas la "valeur" de la tâche ni les avantages de la ponctualité, ce qui signifie que nous préférons notre plaisir immédiat aux conséquences à plus long terme.



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de taiji43, postée le 28-01-2021 à 16:09:22 (S | E)
J'avais prévenu depuis plusieurs jours que je traduirai la première partie , mais ce n'est pas grave que nous soyons deux...
Traduction de la première partie

Dear Her4U, thank you, if you can take a glance at my translation ...in order to correct it

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. CHRONIC procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time for EXCERCISE since they will always PUT OFF physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel HIGH levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of CHRONIC illnesses, including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our SENSITIVITY to delay': Thirdly, we FAIL TO APPRECIATE the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it DONE on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure OVER long-term consequence


Pour beaucoup de gens, la procrastination est la principale barrière qui empêche un changement positif. Les procrastinateurs Chroniques sont moins susceptibles d'avoir un emploi permanent, et ceux qui ont un emploi ont un revenu considérablement réduit, gagnant au moins 14 000 dollars de moins que leurs collègues faisant preuve d’initiatives. Les procrastinateurs ont également des difficultés à trouver du temps pour faire de l’exercice, repoussant toujours l'activité physique à un autre jour. Et, à force du bouleversement général qui résulte de l’échappatoire constant des tâches importantes, ils ont tendance à ressentir un niveau élevé d'anxiété . Il en ressort un risque accru de maladies chroniques, y compris les maladies cardiovasculaires.
La procrastination a plusieurs causes : la première est "l'attente" : nous sous-estimons nos chances de bien réaliser la tâche, ce qui réduit notre motivation générale. La seconde est notre "tendance notable à tout retarder " : beaucoup d'entre nous ne réalisent pas à quel point nos tactiques actuelles de retardement affecteront les chances de terminer la tâche à temps. Troisièmement, nous n’apprécions pas la "valeur" de la tâche et les avantages qu'il y a à la mener à bien à temps, ce qui signifie que nous favorisons notre plaisir immédiat aux conséquences à long terme



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de maxwell, postée le 29-01-2021 à 19:56:57 (S | E)
hello
Je prendrai la 3e partie si j'ai bien suivi

FINISHED


Part III:
The university proved to be the perfect environment to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates who were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly more likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflection points a few times before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”

L'université se révéla être l'environnement idéal pour tester la méthode. Plus de cent étudiants de premier cycle qui devaient fournir un devoir écrit, valant le tiers de la note finale, furent recrutés. Pour mesurer leur degré d'avancement, on envoya régulièrement à tous les étudiants des messages écrits leur demandant d'estimer leur progression d'ensemble dans l'accomplissement du devoir (entre 0 et 100%). On demanda aussi à ceux prenant part à l'intervention de réfléchir aux points listés ci-dessus à différents moments au cours de la quinzaine. Quand les chercheurs comparèrent les mises à jour des progrès des participants au cours des deux semaines, ils s'aperçurent que ceux respectant les quatre jalons de réflexion avaient significativement plus de chances de se mettre au travail tôt plutôt que de reporter le travail jusqu'à la fin de la quinzaine. Autrement dit, cela avait significativement réduit leur procrastination.
Les bénéfices ne furent pas immédiats ; les étudiants devaient examiner les différents points de réflexion à plusieurs reprises avant de commencer à agir -phénomène appelé "effet dormeur". On pourrait s'attendre à ce que les étudiants aient été agacés par les rappels mais la plupart ont signalé avoir beaucoup appris de cette expérience. "Ils ont dit que nous devrions faire cela pour tous leurs cours".



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de magie8, postée le 30-01-2021 à 17:29:04 (S | E)
bonjour tous. Merci d avoir avancé la traduction.Voici la 2eme partie

Potential antidotes to (8) these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies yet” (9). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is said to be (10) the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing with (11) things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone successful complete the goal? *
• How would you feel if you don’t do the required (12) task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be?///END OF PART TWO /

Les antidotes potentiels à ces problèmes ont jusqu'à présent sous étudiés."Il n'y a pas tout simplement encore beaucoup d'études".La thérapie cognito-comportementale serait la seule méthode existante présentant des avantages fiables.Lors des séances de TCC,un thérapeute professionnel aide le client à parler des pensées,des émotions et des actions qui limitent sa productivité."Vous essayez de reconnaître ce que vous faites mal et d'adapter vos comportements à des façons plus fonctionnelles de gérer les choses.La TCC est relativement longue et coûteuse à mettre en oeuvre,ce qui rend difficile son déploiement en masse et amène les chercheurs à se demander s'il serait possible de proposer une alternative plus rapide et moins coûteuse.Quatre messages simples invitent les gens à y réfléchir:
-Comment quelqu'un pourrait-il réussir à atteindre son objectif?
-Comment vous sentiriez-vous si vous ne faisiez pas la tâche requise?
-Quelle est dans l'immédiat,la prochaine étape que vous devez franchir?
-Si vous devez faire une chose pour atteindre le but à temps, quelle serait-elle?



Réponse : Rack Your Brains and Help /86 de here4u, postée le 31-01-2021 à 11:46:24 (S | E)
HELLO DEARS!

Wow! J'ai terminé ... et cette correction du Follow-up-Work m'a pris toute la journée ... : ... en quelque sorte votre "vengeance" puisque le devoir était long, trop long, beaucoup trop long !

For many people, procrastination is the major barrier that prevents positive change. Chronic procrastinators are less likely to be in permanent employment, and those with jobs have a vastly reduced income, earning at least $14,000 less than their more proactive colleagues. Procrastinators also struggle to find time to exercise, since they will always put off physical activity for another day. And, thanks to the general chaos that arises from the constant dodging of important tasks, they tend to feel high levels of anxiety. The result is an elevated risk of chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disease.
There are several causes to procrastination: the first one is ‘expectancy’: we underestimate our chances of doing well at the task, which reduces our overall motivation. The second is our 'sensitivity to delay': many of us fail to recognise how badly our current delaying tactics will affect the chances of completing on time. Thirdly, we fail to appreciate the 'value' of the task and the benefits of getting it done on time, which means that we favour our immediate pleasure over long-term consequences.

1) A. Pour beaucoup de personnes, la procrastination est le principal obstacle qui empêche un changement positif. Les procrastinateurs chroniques sont moins susceptibles d'avoir un emploi permanent, et ceux qui ont un emploi ont un revenu très réduit, gagnant au moins 14 000 dollars de moins que leurs collègues plus proactifs. Les procrastinateurs ont également du mal à trouver du temps pour le sport, car ils remettent toujours l'activité physique à un autre jour. Et grâce au chaos général qui découle de l'esquive constante de tâches importantes,
ils ont tendance à ressentir un niveau d'anxiété élevé. Il en résulte un risque important de maladies chroniques, y compris de maladies cardiovasculaires.
Il y a plusieurs causes à la procrastination : la première est "l'attente" : nous sous-estimons nos chances de bien
faire la tâche, ce qui réduit notre motivation générale. La seconde est notre "sensibilité au retard" : beaucoup d'entre nous ne reconnaissent pas à quel point nos tactiques actuelles de retardement affecteront les chances de terminer la tâche à temps. Troisièmement, nous n'apprécions pas la "valeur" de la tâche ni les avantages de la ponctualité, ce qui signifie que nous préférons notre plaisir immédiat aux conséquences à plus long terme.
Très bon travail, magie !

1) B.Pour beaucoup de gens, la procrastination est la principale barrière qui empêche un changement positif. Les procrastinateurs chroniques sont moins susceptibles d'avoir un emploi permanent, et ceux qui ont un emploi ont un revenu considérablement réduit, gagnant au moins 14 000 dollars de moins que leurs collègues faisant preuve d’initiatives. Les procrastinateurs ont également des difficultés à trouver du temps pour faire de l’exercice, repoussant toujours l'activité physique à un autre jour. Et, à cause du bouleversement général qui résulte de l’échappatoire constant des tâches importantes, ils ont tendance à ressentir un niveau élevé d'anxiété . Il en ressort un risque accru de maladies chroniques, y compris les maladies cardiovasculaires.
La procrastination a plusieurs causes : la première est "l'attente" : nous sous-estimons nos chances de bien réaliser la tâche, ce qui réduit notre motivation générale. La seconde est notre "tendance notable à tout retarder " : beaucoup d'entre nous ne réalisent se rendent pas compte à quel point nos tactiques actuelles de retardement affecteront les chances de terminer la tâche à temps. Troisièmement, nous n’apprécions pas la "valeur" de la tâche et les avantages qu'il y a à la mener à bien à temps (un peu maladroit), ce qui signifie que nous favorisons notre plaisir immédiat aux conséquences à long terme.
Texte bien compris. Bravo, Taiji !


Potential antidotes to these problems have so far been woefully under-researched. “There just aren’t many studies yet”. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is said to be the only existing method with reliable benefits. During CBT sessions, a professional therapist will help the client to talk through the thoughts, emotions and actions that are limiting their productivity. “You try to recognise what you are doing wrong, and adapt your behaviours to more functional ways of dealing with things”. CBT is relatively time consuming and expensive to deliver, making it hard to roll out en masse leading researchers to wonder whether it would be possible to offer a quicker and cheaper alternative. Four simple prompts ask people to consider:
• How would someone successful complete the goal?
• How would you feel if you don’t do the required task?
• What is the next immediate step you need to do?
• If you could do one thing to achieve the goal on time, what would it be?

II) Les antidotes potentiels à ces problèmes ont jusqu'à présent été(woefully?) terriblement peu étudiés. sous étudiés. "Il n'y a pas* tout simplement encore beaucoup d'études Il n'y a tout simplement encore que peu d'études". La thérapie cognito-comportementale serait la seule méthode existante présentant des avantages fiables. Lors des séances de TCC, un thérapeute professionnel aide le patient à parler des pensées, des émotions et des actions qui limitent sa productivité. "Vous essayez de reconnaître ce que vous faites mal et d'adapter vos comportements à des façons plus fonctionnelles de gérer les choses. La TCC est relativement longue et coûteuse à mettre en oeuvre, ce qui rend difficile son déploiement de masse et amène les chercheurs à se demander s'il serait possible de proposer une alternative plus rapide et moins coûteuse. Quatre messages simples invitent les gens à y réfléchir:
- Comment quelqu'un pourrait-il réussir à qui réussit, atteindrait-il son objectif?
- Comment vous sentiriez-vous si vous ne faisiez pas la tâche requise?
- Quelle est dans l'immédiat, la toute prochaine étape que vous devez franchir?
- Si vous pouviez faire une chose pour atteindre le but à temps, quelle serait-elle ?
Bravo, Magie ; texte bien compris !
* Attention à la place de la négation ...


The university proved to be the perfect environment to test the method. More than 100 undergraduates who were due to deliver a written assignment, worth a third of their final grade, were recruited. To measure their progress, the students were all sent regular text messages, asking them to estimate their overall progress in completing the assignment (from 0% to 100%). Those taking part in the intervention were also asked to reflect on the points listed above at various points over the course of the two weeks. When researchers compared the progress updates of the participants over the course of the two weeks, they found that those contemplating the four reflection points were significantly more likely to get on top of the work early, rather than putting off the assignment until the end of the fortnight. It had, in other words, significantly reduced their procrastinations.
The benefits were not immediate; the students needed to consider the different reflection points a few times before they started taking action – a phenomenon described as a “sleeper effect”. You might expect the students to have been irritated by the reminders, but most reported that they had learnt a lot from the experience. “They said that we should do this for every course they have.”


III) L'université se révéla être l'environnement idéal pour tester la méthode. Plus de cent étudiants de premier cycle qui devaient fournir un devoir écrit, valant le tiers de la note finale, furent recrutés. Pour mesurer leur degré d'avancement, on envoya régulièrement à tous les étudiants des messages écrits leur demandant d'estimer leur progression d'ensemble dans l'accomplissement du devoir (entre 0 et 100%). On demanda aussi à ceux prenant part à l'intervention de réfléchir aux points listés ci-dessus à différents moments au cours de la quinzaine. Quand les chercheurs comparèrent les mises à jour des progrès des participants au cours des deux semaines, ils s'aperçurent que ceux respectant les quatre jalons (étapes ?) de réflexion avaient significativement plus de chances de se mettre au travail tôt plutôt que de reporter le travail jusqu'à la fin de la quinzaine. Autrement dit, cela avait significativement réduit leur procrastination.
Les bénéfices ne furent pas immédiats ; les étudiants devaient examiner les différents points de réflexion à plusieurs reprises avant de commencer à agir -phénomène appelé "effet dormeur". On pourrait s'attendre à ce que les étudiants aient été agacés par les rappels mais la plupart ont signalé avoir beaucoup appris de cette expérience. "Ils ont dit que nous devrions faire cela pour tous leurs cours".
Très bonne traduction, Maxwell. Bravo !


No matter what our goals are, we might all benefit from regularly considering these reflection points. If you want to apply this yourself, you might consider putting a couple of daily reminders in your online calendar to ensure that you actually take the time to look at the prompts. “If you notice that you are always putting stuff off, they could be a good way of checking your behaviour.”
The important thing is to question regularly what goals you actually value, and to check whether you’re prioritising them enough. You should then work out ways to chunk your task into smaller parts, before taking action the first possible step. This can create a kind of momentum, which will make procrastination less likely as you go along.
Short moments of self-reflection can pay great dividends. A little focused thinking, it seems, can go a long way to increasing your perseverance, organisation and efficiency, so that you have more time to spend on the ton hings that really matter. Those few prompts may just be the secret to a happier and healthier new year.

IV) Quels que soient nos objectifs, nous pourrions tous bénéficier des points de considération régulière repenser régulièrement à ces points de réflexions. Si vous voulez vous l’appliquer, vous pourriez envisager de mettre quelques rappels quotidiens dans votre calendrier en ligne pour vous assurer que vous prenez réellement le temps de regarder les invites relances. « Si vous remarquez que vous remettez toujours des choses à plus tard , ces rappels pourraient être un bon moyen de vérifier votre comportement. »
L’important est de se demander régulièrement quels objectifs vous appréciez réellement ont de l'importance pour vous, et de vérifier si vous les priorisez suffisamment. Vous devriez ensuite trouver des façons de fractionner votre tâche étape par étape en petites parties, avant de prendre des mesures sur la première marcheavant d'agir sur la première étape possible. Cela peut créer une sorte d’élan, ce qui rendra la procrastination moins probable que si vous considériez l’ensemble.
De courts moments de considérations d'introspection peuvent grandement porter des fruits. Un peu de réflexion ciblée, semble-t-il, peut permettre d’augmenter votre persévérance, l’ votre organisation et l’ votre efficacité, de sorte que vous ayez plus de temps à consacrer aux choses qui comptent vraiment. Ces quelques invites peuvent juste être le secret d’une nouvelle année plus heureuse et plus saine.
Oui, Choco, tu as bravement choisi l'extrait le plus difficile, mais tu t'en es très bien tirée ! Bravo.


Quelles différences entre "put off" et "put back" (dans Word Reference, "put back" signifie "postponer"... ??? Lien internet

Petit conseil : lorsqu'un dictionnaire ne vous aide pas à vous sortir d'un problème "insoluble", allez chercher dans un dictionnaire unilingue (et si possible le meilleur ! ) Tout devient alors beaucoup plus clair ...
Lien internet
= to move something to a place or position it was in before
Lien internet
= to delay or move an activity to a later time, or to stop or prevent someone from doing something

Encore BRAVO à tous les participants pour l'exercice original et un grand et BRAVO supplémentaire à nos volontaires pour l'exercice complémentaire ! You're GREAT!





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